Table Mountain National Park is part of the Cape Floristic Region World Heritage Site. Rare and endangered plants make this area a biodiversity hotspot. Fynbos (fine bush) is an ancient and fire dependent vegetation which needs to burn every 15 years to stimulate growth and remain healthy. Proteas can be seen most places in the park while some very special and rare plants are present in the mountain wetlands and in Noordhoek.
Animals living in Table Mountain National Park are well adapted to their environment and not that easily seen amongst the vegetation. A variety of antelope species can be spotted including Klipsringer, Eland and Bontebok as well as other mammals such as Cape Mountain Zebra, Chacma Baboon and Cape Clawless Otter.